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1894 Chelsea Water Works

 

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Stock Code VWW01

  Certificate number 40 for ten pounds of 4.5% debenture stock in this London water supply company. Issued to Mrs Clara Elizabeth Broughton of Emsley, Greenhill Road, Moseley, Birmingham. Original signature of E Gill, company director. Ornate left hand scrollwork with imprint of company seal.

Certificate size is 24 cm wide x 16 cm high. It will be mounted in a mahogany frame, with gold inlay, size 40 cm wide x 30 cm high.

The certificate is shown unframed as all items are mounted to order.

A perfect personalised gift for someone who:

  • works or worked in the water industry or
  • has the surname Broughton or Gill

About This Company

Note that although this item has now been sold, we may be able to acquire another one for you. Email us if you are interested in this stock

 

To order this certificate use the shopping cart below, for payment with Paypal or credit card, or use our mail order service for payment by cheque / cash.

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   SOLD


2. UK Shipping is included in the price. If you are ordering from outside the UK click on the relevant button below to include shipping to your country - a shipping charge should be added for each framed certificate. Note that if your order is over 100 no shipping charge is required, regardless of destination address.

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3. At any time you can either view the contents of your shopping cart or check out by clicking below:

TO BUY THIS CERTIFICATE UNFRAMED :

1. Click on this button to add the item to your shopping cart.

  SOLD


2. UK Shipping is included in the price. If you are ordering from outside the UK click on the relevant button below to include shipping to your country. Only one shipping charge is required for unframed certificates, regardless of the amount purchased. Note that if your order is over 100 no shipping charge is required, regardless of destination address.

U.S. / Canada Shipping (5.00)

Europe Shipping (3.75)

Rest Of World Shipping (7.50)


3. At any time you can either view the contents of your shopping cart or check out by clicking below:

 

 

 

About This Company

Established by an act of Parliament in 1722, the Chelsea Waterworks was intended to take water from the River Thames for the Westminster area.  A few years later in 1725, the company constructed a tidal inlet which later became the Grosvenor Canal.   In the following century, the company was still using river water, but the product  was not very pure. The House of Commons in 1827 received a petition from Sir Francis Burdett which alleged that "the water taken from the River Thames at Chelsea, for the use of the inhabitants of the western part of the metropolis, [is] being charged with the contents of the great common sewers, the drainings from dunghills, and laystalls, the refuse of hospitals, slaughter houses, colour, lead and soap works, drug mills and manufactories, and with all sorts of decomposed animal and vegetable substances."  As a result, the "said water [is] offensive and destructive to health, [and] ought no longer to be taken up by any of the water companies from so foul a source."

Thereafter in 1828, the artist William Health published a scathing caricature reflecting the public's distaste for the water being supplied from the River Thames by London companies.  He did not mention the Chelsea Company per se, but his cartoon seemed aimed in its direction.  A year later in 1829 under the guidance of company engineer James Simpson, Chelsea Waterworks Company became the first to introduce slow sand filtration in order to purify their river water. The filter was designed by Simpson and consisted of successive beds of loose brick, gravel and sand. 

In 1856, under legislative decree (Parliament Act of 1852), the Chelsea Waterworks moved the intake up river beyond the reach of tidal action to Surbiton (then known as Seething Wells -- many miles up-stream along the Thames), adjoining those of the Lambeth Waterworks Company which had also moved its intake site.  There the company had two settling reservoirs and two filter beds.  In addition they built three new reservoirs on high ground at Putney Heath.  Both of these sets of reservoirs were used by Chelsea waterworks to supply London water, which maintained an office near the original Chelsea location, but no longer drew water directly from the river.  The Putney Heath reservoir water was distributed by gravity to Chelsea by two 24 inch and two 12 inch diameter pipes.

Source: www.ph.ucla.edu

 

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